Home » Courses 2020-21

Courses 2020-21

Please consult your Guidance Counsellor when making your course selections. Course prerequisites and required texts/materials are identified in the course descriptions. Click the following link for the 2019-2020 AMDEC Courses Master List.

The following is required for all courses:

  • Adobe Reader
  • Google Docs or OpenOffice/LibreOffice or Microsoft Office
  • The ability to record and submit voice and video files

Course prerequisites and required course materials (not supplied by AMDEC) are identified in the course descriptions.

All AMDEC courses are semestered starting September 2020.

 

Grade 9 Course List (none offered at this time)

Grade 10 Course List

CHC2D | Canadian History Since World War 1 - Grade 10, Academic (Semester 1)

This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different individuals, groups, and communities, including First Nations, Metis and Inuit individuals and communities, in Canada since 1914.  Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. Students will develop an understanding of some of the political developments and government policies that have had a lasting impact on First Nations, Metis, and Inuit individuals and communities. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914.

Prerequisite: None

Required Course Materials: None

CHC2P | Canadian History Since World War 1 - Grade 10, Applied (Semester 1)

This course focuses on the social context of historical developments and events and how they have affected the lives of people in Canada, including First Nations, Metis, and Inuit individuals and communities since 1914. Students will explore interactions between various communities in Canada as well as contributions of individuals and groups to Canadian heritage and identity.  Students will develop an understanding of some key political developments and government policies that have had an impact on First Nations, Metis, and Inuit individuals and communities.  Students will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating the continuing relevance of historical developments and how they have helped shape communities in present-day Canada.

Prerequisite: None

Required Course Materials: None

CHV20 | Civics and Citizenship - Grade 10, Open (Semester 1&2 - Term 1)

This course explores rights and responsibilities associated with being an active citizen in a democratic society. Students will explore issues of civic importance such as healthy schools, community planning, environmental responsibility, and the influence of social media, while developing their understanding of the role of civic engagement and of political processes in the local, national, and/or global community. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate, and express informed opinions about, a range of political issues and developments that are both of significance in today’s world and of personal interest to them.

Prerequisite: None

Required Course Materials: None

ENG2D | English - Grade 10, Academic (Semester 1)

This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 university or college preparation course.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Required Course Materials:

  • To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
  • The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare
ENG2P | English - Grade 10, Applied (Semester 1)

This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in secondary school and daily life. Students will study and create a variety of informational, literary, and graphic texts. An important focus will be on the consolidation of strategies and processes that help students interpret texts and communicate clearly and effectively. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 college or workplace preparation course.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Required Course Materials:

  • A novel for the independent novel unit (selected from an approved list provided by the teacher)
GLC20 | Career Studies - Grade 10, Open - (Semester 1&2 - Term 2)

This course gives students the opportunity to develop the skills, knowledge, and habits
that will support them in their education and career/life planning. Students will learn about
global work trends, and seek opportunities within the school and community to expand and
strengthen their transferable skills and their ability to adapt to the changing world of work.
On the basis of exploration, reflective practice, and decision-making processes, students
will make connections between their skills, interests, and values and their postsecondary
options, whether in apprenticeship training, college, community living, university, or the
workplace. They will set goals and create a plan for their first postsecondary year. As part
of their preparation for the future, they will learn about personal financial management –
including the variety of saving and borrowing tools available to them and how to use them
to their advantage – and develop a budget for their first year after secondary school.

Prerequisite: None

Required Course Materials: None

SNC2P | Science - Grade 10, Applied (Semester 2)

This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science in real-world situations. Students are given opportunities to develop further practical skills in scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to human cells and body systems; chemical reactions; factors affecting climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Required Course Materials:

  • Speakers are recommended for online lab simulations
  • Students must have the ability to run Java Applets on their computers

Grade 11 Course List

BAF3M | Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11, University/College Preparation (Semester 1)

This course introduces students to the fundamental principles and procedures of accounting. Students will develop financial analysis and decision-making skills that will assist them in future studies and/or career opportunities in business. Students will acquire an understanding of accounting for a service and a merchandising business, computerized accounting, financial analysis, and ethics and current issues in accounting.

Prerequisite: None

Required Course Materials: 

  • Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word, Sage Accounting Student Edition (free download is available).
CGG3O | Travel and Tourism: A Geographic Perspective, Grade 11, Open (Semester 2)

This course focuses on issues related to travel and tourism within and between various regions of the world. Students will investigate unique environmental, sociocultural, economic, and political characteristics of selected world regions. They will explore travel patterns and trends as well as tensions related to tourism, and will predict future tourism destinations. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate the impact of the travel industry on natural environments and human communities.

Prerequisite: Issues in Canadian Geography, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Required Course Materials: None

ENG3C | English, Grade 11, College Preparation (Semester 2)

This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will study the content, form, and style of a variety of informational and graphic texts, as well as literary texts from Canada and other countries, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms for practical and academic purposes. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 college preparation course.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Applied

Required Course Materials:

  • A novel for the independent novel unit (to be chosen from a teacher-provided list)
ENG3U | English, Grade 11, University Preparation (Semester 2)

This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures, as well as a range of informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and incorporating stylistic devices appropriately and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 university or college preparation course.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic

Required Course Materials:

  • A novel for the independent novel unit (to be chosen from a teacher-provided list)
GWL3O | Designing Your Future, Grade 11, Open (Semester 1&2)

This course prepares students to make successful transitions to postsecondary destinations as they investigate specific postsecondary options based on their skills, interests, and personal characteristics. Students will explore the realities and opportunities of the workplace and examine factors that affect success, while refining their job search and employability skills. Students will develop their portfolios with a focus on their targeted destination and develop an action plan for future success.

Prerequisite: None

Required Course Materials: None

HPC3O | Raising Healthy Children, Grade 11, Open (Semester 1)

This course focuses on the skills and knowledge parents, guardians, and caregivers need, with particular emphasis on maternal health, pregnancy, birth, and the early years of human development (birth to six years old). Through study and practical experience, students will learn how to meet the developmental needs of young children, communicate with them, and effectively guide their early behaviour. Students will develop their research skills through investigations related to caregiving and child rearing.

Prerequisite: None

Required Course Materials: None

HSG3M | Gender Studies, Grade 11, University/College Preparation (Semester 2)

This course enables students to explore the social construction of gender. Students will learn about the dynamic nature of gender roles and norms; sexism and power relations; and the impact of representations of women and men in the media, popular culture, and the arts. Students will analyse a range of gender equity issues, including gender-based violence and workplace equity, in both Canadian and global contexts. Students will develop and apply research skills and will design and implement a social action initiative relating to gender equity.

 Prerequisite: None

Required Course Materials: None

HSP3U | Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology, and Sociology, Grade 11, University Preparation (Semester 1)

This course provides students with opportunities to think critically about theories, questions, and issues related to anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the approaches and research methods used by social scientists. They will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives, to conduct social science, and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues within the three disciplines.

Prerequisite: The Grade 10 academic course in English, or the Grade 10 academic history course (Canadian and world studies)

Required Course Materials: None

ICS3U | Introduction to Computer Science, Grade 11, University Preparation (Semester 1)

This course introduces students to computer science. Students will design software independently and as part of a team, using industry-standard programming tools and applying the software development life-cycle model. They will also write and use subprograms within computer programs. Students will develop creative solutions for various types of problems as their understanding of the computing environment grows. They will also explore environmental and ergonomic issues, emerging research in computer science, and global career trends in computer related fields.

Prerequisite: None

Required Course Materials:

  • A PC running Windows or a Mac running macOS. A Chromebook is not capable of running the software required for this course.
  • NetBeans Java IDE
MBF3C | Foundations for College Mathematics, Grade 11, College Preparation (Semester 1)

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem-solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; develop their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and evaluating data involving one variable; connect probability and statistics; and solve problems in geometry and trigonometry. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic, or Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied

Required Course Materials:

  • Students must have the ability to submit their work as a PDF file
  • Students will require a scientific calculator
SBI3C | Biology , Grade 11, College Preparation (Semester 2)

This course focuses on the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will learn concepts and theories as they conduct investigations in the areas of cellular biology, microbiology, genetics, the anatomy of mammals, and the structure of plants and their role in the natural environment. Emphasis will be placed on the practical application of concepts, and on the skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

Prerequisite:  Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

Required Course Materials: Speakers are recommended for online lab simulations

SBI3U | Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation (Semester 1)

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

Required Course Materials: Speakers are recommended for online lab simulations

SCH3U | Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation (Semester 1)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

Required Course Materials: None

SPH3U | Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation (Semester 2)

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

Required Course Materials:

  • Students must have the ability to submit their work as a PDF file or have access to a Smartphone/iPhone/iPad.
  • This course requires access to YouTube and the use of a PC.

Grade 12 Course List

BBB4M | International Business Fundamentals, Grade 12, University/College Preparation (Semester 2)

This course provides an overview of the importance of international business and trade in the global economy and explores the factors that influence success in international markets. Students will learn about the techniques and strategies associated with marketing, distribution, and managing international business effectively. This course prepares students for postsecondary programs in business, including international business, marketing, and management.

Prerequisite: None

Required Course Materials: None

BOH4M | Business Leadership: Management Fundamentals, Grade 12, University/College Preparation (Semester 1&2)

This course focuses on the development of leadership skills used in managing a successful business. Students will analyse the role of a leader in business, with a focus on decision making, management of group dynamics, workplace stress and conflict, motivation of employees, and planning. Effective business communication skills, ethics, and social responsibility are also emphasized.

 Prerequisite: None

Required Course Materials: None

CHI4U | Canada: History, Identity, and Culture, Grade 12, University (Semester 2)

This course traces the history of Canada, with a focus on the evolution of our national identity and culture as well as the identity and culture of various groups that make up Canada. Students will explore various developments and events, both national and international, from precontact to the present, and will examine various communities in Canada and how they have contributed to the development of identity and heritage in Canada. Students will investigate the development of culture and identity, including national identity, in Canada and how and why they have changed throughout the country’s history. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate the people, events, and forces that have shaped Canada.

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

Required Course Materials: None

CLN4U | Canadian and International Law, Grade 12, University Preparation (Semester 1)

This course explores a range of contemporary legal issues and how they are addressed in both Canadian and international law. Students will develop an understanding of the principles of Canadian and international law and of issues related to human rights and freedoms, conflict resolution, and criminal, environmental, and workplace law, both in Canada and internationally. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal studies inquiry process, and will develop legal reasoning skills, when investigating these and other issues in both Canadian and international contexts.

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

Required Course Materials: None

ENG4C | English, Grade 12, College Preparation (Semester 1&2)

This course emphasizes the consolidation of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a variety of informational and graphic texts, as well as literary texts from various countries and cultures, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms for practical and academic purposes. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for college or the workplace.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, College Preparation

Required Course Materials:

  • Self-selected books for independent reading
  • Video camera
ENG4U | English, Grade 12, University Preparation (Semester 1&2)

This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

Required Course Materials:

  • Two novels for Independent Study (to be chosen from a list provided by the teacher)
EWC4U | The Writer's Craft, Grade 12, University Preparation (Semester 2)

This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyze models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers.

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

Required Course Materials: None

FSF4U | Core French, Grade 12, University Preparation (Semester 2)

This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently.  Students will develop their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills, apply language learning strategies in a wide variety of real-life situations, and develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts.  They will also enrich their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning.

Prerequisite:  Core French, Grade 11, University Preparation

Required Course Materials:

  • A good French/English, English/French dictionary
HHS4U | Families in Canada, Grade 12, University Preparation (Semester 1)

This course enables students to draw on sociological, psychological, and anthropological theories and research to analyse the development of individuals, intimate relationships, and family and parent-child relationships. Students will focus on issues and challenges facing individuals and families in Canada’s diverse society. They will develop analytical tools that enable them to assess various factors affecting families and to consider policies and practices intended to support families in Canada. They will develop the investigative skills required to conduct and communicate the results of research on individuals, intimate relationships, and parent-child relationships.

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies

Required Course Materials: None

HIP4O | Personal Life Management, Grade 12, Open (Semester 1)

This course focuses on preparing students for living independently and working
successfully with others. Students will learn to manage their personal resources to
meet their basic needs for food, clothing, and housing. They will also learn about
their personal, legal, and financial responsibilities and develop and apply interpersonal
skills in order to make wise and responsible personal and occupational choices. Students
will apply research and inquiry skills while investigating topics related to personal
life management. The course emphasizes the achievement of expectations through
practical experiences.

Prerequisite: None
Required Course Materials: None

HSB4U | Challenge and Change in Society, Grade 12, University Preparation (Semester 2)

This course focuses on the use of social science theories, perspectives, and methodologies to investigate and explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour and their impact on society. Students will critically analyse how and why cultural, social, and behavioural patterns change over time. They will explore the ideas of social theorists and use those ideas to analyse causes of and responses to challenges such as technological change, deviance, and global inequalities. Students will explore ways in which social science research methods can be used to study social change.

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.

Required Course Materials: None

HSC4M | World Cultures, Grade 12, University/College Preparation (Semester 2)

This course examines the nature of culture; how cultural identities are acquired, maintained, and transformed; and theories used to analyse cultures.  Students will explore world cultures, with an emphasis on the analysis of religious and spiritual beliefs, art forms, and philosophy.  They will study the contributions and influence of a range of cultural groups and will critically analyse issues facing ethnocultural groups within Canada and around the world. Students will develop and apply research skills and will design and implement a social action initiative relating to cultural diversity.

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.

Required Course Materials: None

HSE4M | Equity and Social Justice: From Theory to Practice, Grade 12, University/College Preparation (Semester 2)

This course enables students to develop an understanding of the theoretical, social,
and historical underpinnings of various equity and social justice issues and to analyse
strategies for bringing about positive social change. Students will learn about historical
and contemporary equity and social justice issues in Canada and globally. They will
explore power relations and the impact of a variety of factors on equity and social justice.
Students will develop and apply research skills and will design and implement a
social action initiative relating to an equity or social justice issue.

Prerequisite: Any university, college, or university/college preparation course in social
sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies
Required Course Materials: None

ICS4U | Computer Science, Grade 12, University/College Preparation (Semester 2)

This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills in computer science. Students will use modular design principles to create complex and fully documented programs, according to industry standards. Student teams will manage a large software development project, from planning through to project review. Students will also analyse algorithms for effectiveness. They will investigate ethical issues in computing and further explore environmental issues, emerging technologies, areas of research in computer science, and careers in the field.

Prerequisite: Introduction to Computer Science, Grade 11, University Preparation

Required Course Materials:

  • A PC running Windows or a Mac running macOS. A Chromebook is not capable of running the software required for this course.
  • NetBeans Java IDE
MCT4C | Mathematics for College Technology, Grade 12, College Preparation (Semester 2)

This course enables students to extend their knowledge of functions. Students will investigate and apply properties of polynomial, exponential, and trigonometric functions; continue to represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; develop facility in simplifying expressions and solving equations; and solve problems that address applications of algebra, trigonometry, vectors, and geometry. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares students for a variety of college technology programs.

Prerequisite:  Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation, or Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation

Required Course Materials:

  • Students will require access to a TI graphing calculator but Desmos is available as a free online substitute
MDM4U | Mathematics of Data Management, Grade 12, University Preparation (Semester 2)

This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing and analysing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest.

Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Required Course Materials:

  • Students will require access to a program that does graphing and regression, such as MicrosoftOffice, OpenOffice/LibreOffice(available as a free download) or Desmos (a free online program).
  • Students must have the ability to submit their work as a PDF file.
MHF4U | Advanced Functions, Grade 12, University Preparation (Semester 2)

This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.

Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College Technology, Grade 12, College Preparation

Required Course Materials:  

  • Students will require access to a graphing calculator (free online programs such as Desmos are available).
  • Students must have the ability to submit their work as a PDF file.
OLC4O | Ontario Secondary School Literacy Course, Grade 12, Open (Semester 2)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Prerequisite: Eligibility requirement: Students who have been eligible to write the OSSLT at least twice and who have been unsuccessful at least once are eligible to take the course. (Stu- dents who have already met the literacy requirement for graduation may be eligible to take the course under special circumstances, at the discretion of the principal.)

Required Course Materials:

  • Students must have the ability to submit their work as a PDF file or have access to a Smartphone/iPhone/iPad.

This course requires access to YouTube and the use of a PC.

PSK4U | Introductory Kinesiology, Grade 12, University Preparation (Semester 2)

This course focuses on the study of human movement and of systems, factors, and principles involved in human development. Students will learn about the effects of physical activity on health and performance, the evolution of physical activity and sport, and the physiological, psychological, and social factors that influence an individual’s participation in physical activity and sport. The course prepares students for university programs in physical education and health, kinesiology, health sciences, health studies, recreation, and sports administration.

Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 university or university/college preparation course in science, or any Grade 11 or 12 course in health and physical education

Required Course Materials: None

SBI4U | Biology, Grade 12, University Preparation (Semester 1)

This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation

Required Course Materials: Speakers are recommended for online lab simulations

SCH4C | Chemistry, Grade 12, College Preparation (Semester 2)

This course enables students to develop an understanding of chemistry through the study of matter and qualitative analysis, organic chemistry, electrochemistry, chemical calculations, and chemistry as it relates to the quality of the environment. Students will use a variety of laboratory techniques, develop skills in data collection and scientific analysis, and communicate scientific information using appropriate terminology. Emphasis will be placed on the role of chemistry in daily life and the effects of technological applications and processes on society and the environment.

Prerequisite:  Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

Required Course Materials:  Speakers are recommended for online lab simulation

SCH4U | Chemistry, Grade 12, University Preparation (Semester 2)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation

Required Course Materials: None

SNC4M | Science, Grade 12, University/College Preparation (Semester 1)

This course enables students, including those pursuing postsecondary programs outside the sciences, to increase their understanding of science and contemporary social and environmental issues in health-related fields. Students will explore a variety of medical technologies, pathogens and disease, nutritional science, public health issues, and biotechnology. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study and helps refine students’ scientific investigation skills.

Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic, or any Grade 11 university, university/college, or college preparation course in science

Required Course Materials:  Speakers are recommended for online lab simulations